What are essential oils?

Drops of Light, concentrated and always available

Essential oils are concentrated chemical substances, very volatile (they evaporate easily), lipophilic (they are able to amalgamate in oils and fats) and aromatic (heavily scented) which can be found in plants in small amounts, and are extracted from bark, leaves, fruit, roots, seeds and petals. They are made of many organic compounds of various nature, especially by terpenic molecules. They are the soul of aromatic plants! They are complex substances that contain aromatic molecules whose action on the well-being of a person is put into effect in Aromatherapy. Essential oils are considered substances with pleasant aromatic notes and are made of different chemical mixtures  (phenols, aldehydes, ketones, oxides, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, alcole etc…).
Essential oils are concentrated and energetic substances with important pharmacological properties , therefore with a certain grade of toxicity. Real essential oils are often mistaken for cheap ones, “essences”, easy to find and of dubious origin, probably synthetic, whose smell is only vaguely similar to that of real essential oils. Since 1989 FLORA and its collaborators have researched and developed cultivations of aromatic plants in Italy and all over the world, from which they extract essential oils. They must be certificated cultivations (DEMETER, BIO) or spontaneous and conventional selected cultivations, in order to extract the best essential oils, precious drops of light.

What are 100% pure essential oils made of?


They have a complex polymolecular composition, of which there are still many unknown functions.

Every 100% pure essential oil has an average of 50-60 distinct and recognized organic molecules. We don’t have any supporting scientific studies for at least as many molecules, but the surely interact in the complex. This explains their multifuncionality and the possibility of being used to tackle different situations. Officinal aromatic plants have always had a preventing function, by nourishing the immune system with precious molecules which are present in the memory of our DNA. For example, lavender essential oil (Lavandula officinalis) is a multiuse oil, a cure-all: it is made of more than 200 molecules, has a lenitive, relaxing and de-reddening action, turning out to be a safe and effective ally in our everyday life.
Essential oils are the most concentrated extracts in nature. They are scented, volatile substances which can be found in different parts of the plant, in different quantities, in the shape of small oily drops. They are really powerful. Different essential oils can have various physical and psychical actions. They:

  • Activate functions
  • Restore energy and vitality
  • Rebalance the mood
  • Stimulate the organism

How do essential oils act?

Essential oils are able to act on our organism in different ways:
•    Through olfaction
•    Through the respiratory system
•    Through skin
•    Through the digestive system

How are essential oils extracted?

According to Pharmacopeia essential oils are odorous products, usually of complex composition, obtained from a botanically defined plant raw material by steam distillation, dry distillation, or a suitable mechanical process without heating, like cold pressing of citrus fruits.

To get 1 liter of essential oil one needs:

•    1 ton of rose petals (Rosa damascena)
•    7 tons of fresh melissa (Melissa officinalis)
•    150 kg of true lavender (Lavandula officinalis)
•    50 kg of hybrid lavender (Lavandula hybrida)

FLORA essential oils

Quality without compromises

Our whole range of products is not “simply” certificated BIO 100%. What makes it unique is the scrupulous selection of the best ingredients that represent the purest part of the plant.

An authentic and intense fragrance

We do it exclusively for passion;  looking for excellent extracts to create products with an incomparable concentration and an aroma that embodies the message of well-being, typical of aromatic and officinal plants.

Internal transformation process

We make sure the original characteristics of plants keep their beneficial properties unaltered, by internally taking care of the manufacturing. This is how they become the strongest ally to our health.

Energetic classification of Essential Oils: HEAD, HEART and BASE NOTES

An essential oil can be divided into different categories based on its use: it can be used for food, cosmetics, massages or as air freshener. One of the most interesting classifications to choose the essential oil most suitable to our needs, is the one based on olfactory notes, a smell that can be perceived by our olfaction in relation to a past time.

HEAD note

Head notes are usually characterized by their light, fresh fragrance. Despite being intense at first, the fragrance fades with time. Head notes have a faster vibration and among these, everyone remembers citrus fruit essential oils, which are very volatile.

HEART note

Heart notes last longer and go directly to the heart. They are the heart of the fragrance, which grows and insinuates itself into our nose and soul. They are generally floral nuances, such as rose, jasmine and ylang-ylang essential oil, combined with other aromas that seduce your nose and heart.

BASE notes

The warmness and depth of a fragrance its shown in base notes. They carry within themselves a  long-lasting pleasure. Most of these oils have a stabilizing action on our state of mind and purify the air just like trees in the woods. Essential oils from wood, resin and roots of plants belong to this category.

To know more:

  • Discover olfactory notes of essential oils
  • Essential oils and their effects on psyche
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